Environmental microbiology quiz

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#1. Which of the following is a major source of energy for microbial activities in environmental microbiology?

#2. What is the primary role of decomposer microbes in the environment?

#3. Which microbial group is responsible for nitrogen fixation in the soil?

#4. What is the process by which microorganisms convert atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia?

#5. Which microbial process is responsible for the production of methane in anaerobic environments?

#6. What is the significance of sulfate-reducing bacteria in environmental microbiology?

#7. Which group of microorganisms is involved in the degradation of pollutants and contaminants in the environment?

#8. In wastewater treatment, what role do activated sludge microbes play?

#9. Which microbial process is responsible for the production of foul-smelling compounds in anaerobic conditions?

#10. What is the primary function of mycorrhizal fungi in the soil?

#11. Which microbial process is involved in the formation of biofilms on surfaces?

#12. What is the role of lichens in environmental microbiology?

#13. Which microbial process is responsible for the conversion of organic matter into humus in the soil?

#14. In which ecosystem are extremophiles most likely to thrive?

#15. Which microbial group is essential for the fermentation process in the production of sauerkraut and pickles?

#16. What is the primary role of bioindicators in environmental microbiology?

#17. Which microbial process is responsible for the conversion of organic nitrogen compounds into ammonia?

#18. What is the primary function of diazotrophs in the rhizosphere of plants?

#19. Which microbial process is involved in the breakdown of cellulose in the digestive systems of herbivores?

#20. In the context of microbial ecology, what does the term "biogeochemical cycling" refer to?

#21. Which microbial process is crucial for the removal of excess nutrients, such as phosphorus and nitrogen, from water bodies in wastewater treatment plants?

#22. hat is the primary role of cyanobacteria in aquatic ecosystems?

#23. In the context of bioremediation, which microbial process involves the use of microorganisms to break down or transform environmental pollutants?

#24. What is the primary function of actinomycetes in soil microbiology?

#25. Which group of microorganisms is commonly involved in the degradation of hydrocarbons in oil-contaminated environments?

#26. What is the role of biofilms in microbial communities?

#27. Which microbial process is associated with the conversion of atmospheric carbon dioxide into organic compounds during photosynthesis?

#28. What is the primary function of rhizobia in the root nodules of leguminous plants?

#29. In microbial ecology, what does the term "microbial diversity" refer to?

#30. Which microbial process is responsible for the conversion of nitrate into nitrogen gas, contributing to the release of nitrogen from the soil back into the atmosphere?

#31. What is the primary function of methanotrophic bacteria in soil ecosystems?

#32. In the context of microbial interactions, what is mutualism?

#33. Which microbial process is involved in the conversion of atmospheric sulfur compounds into sulfate in the soil?

#34. What is the primary role of bioaugmentation in environmental microbiology?

#35. Which microbial group is commonly associated with the process of nitrogen assimilation in plants?

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