MCQ on History of the Microbiology with answers


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Table of Contents

#1. Who is often credited as the "Father of Microbiology"?

#2. What year did Anton van Leeuwenhoek first observe microorganisms through a microscope?

#3. Louis Pasteur's experiments on spontaneous generation helped debunk the theory. In which decade did these experiments take place?

#4. What did Robert Koch contribute to microbiology?

#5. The golden age of microbiology is often associated with breakthroughs by scientists like Pasteur, Koch, and others. In which period did the golden age occur?

#6. What significant event did Edward Jenner contribute to the history of microbiology?

#7. Who coined the term "cell" for biological structures?

#8. When did Alexander Fleming discover penicillin?

#9. What did Paul L. Modrich, Aziz Sancar, and Tomas Lindahl receive the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for in 2015?

#10. The first successful vaccination was performed against which disease?

#11. What invention played a crucial role in the advancement of microbiology during the 17th century

#12. Who disproved the theory of spontaneous generation through his experiments with swan-necked flasks?

#13. What did Robert Koch discover while studying anthrax?

#14. Who developed the first successful vaccine for rabies?

#15. What is the significance of Joseph Lister in the history of microbiology?

#16. The study of viruses advanced with the discovery of the first virus, which infects bacteria. What is this virus called?

#17. Who proposed the theory of biogenesis, stating that living organisms arise from pre-existing living organisms?

#18. What is the name of the process discovered by Joshua Lederberg and Edward Tatum, showing genetic exchange in bacteria?

#19. Who formulated the germ theory of disease, stating that microorganisms can cause infectious diseases?

#20. When was the first successful human organ transplant performed, marking a milestone in medical microbiology?

#21. Who discovered the antibiotic streptomycin, effective against tuberculosis?

#22. What is the contribution of Carolus Linnaeus to microbiology?

#23. The discovery of the first antibiotic penicillin is attributed to which scientist?

#24. Who coined the term "virus" to describe a filterable infectious agent?

#25. The development of the Gram stain, a crucial microbiological technique, is credited to whom?

#26. Who is known for the discovery of the first effective antiretroviral drug for the treatment of HIV?

#27. What was the first vaccine developed by Edward Jenner?

#28. : The development of the first synthetic antibiotic, sulfonamide, is credited to which scientist?

#29. Who demonstrated the role of mosquitoes in transmitting yellow fever, contributing to the understanding of vector-borne diseases?

#30. The development of the first successful polio vaccine is associated with which scientist?


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